The last two months have seen two of the biggest chocolate industry players announce major ethical certification initiatives.
Cadbury's Dairy Milk bar will be Fairtrade certified in the UK and Ireland by the end of 2009, with plans to convert more of their range, and Mars are working with Rainforest Alliance to sustainably source all their cocoa by 2020, starting with Rainforest Alliance certification for the Galaxy bar in 2010.
To put these announcements in context and explore their significance, we put some questions to Mars and Cadbury, and to three external commentators...
- Bama Athreya and Tim Newman of the International Labor Rights Forum (ILRF). www.laborrights.org
- Michael Niemann, a writer and a teacher currently writing a book on the global cocoa and chocolate commodity chain. michael-niemann.com
- Philip Sigley, Chief Executive of the Federation of Cocoa Commerce Limited. www.cocoafederation.com The views expressed in this Q&A are his personal views. A longer response to these questions from Philip Sigley can be found here.
- Alison Ward, Global Head of Corporate Responsibility, responded on behalf of Cadbury. The spokesperson from Mars declined to be named.
Questions and Answers